Once more, we found the term of architecture related to another discipline. This time the one chosen is sustainability.
3 Basic Pillars relate both disciplines: socio-cultural factor, socio-economic factor and environmental factor. That means when talking about them relationship we need to focus our attention on those three aspects.
There are also other terms as circular economy and green economy which refers to the reduction of risks and resource efficiency, and the implication of recycling, re-using, remanufacturing… respectively.
Four operational principles to check as well: impact of natural systems, renewable resources, non-renewable resources, and emissions into environment. Moreover, the ecological footprint must be considered as well as the biocapacity to ensure we have no deficit (there is a web where your personal footprint is calculated, definitely will surprise you the result). The comparison is reached by a rest of both in hectares. (LCA) studies this impact of production and energy consumption, as well as emissions.
3R should be considered to be more eco-friendly (reduce, re-usse, recycle)
The health of buildings is also an important factor to look at so that the SBS (sick building syndrome) can be affected by biological factors, chemical… The climate as weel plays a role on there, and human beings are potentially affecting on that matter: temperature of air, humidity… A sustainable design is very important too as the way it is build will help or not to the efficiency (bio architecture and bioclimate architecture)
That definitely means that solutions are required as adequate orientation, thermal inertia and so on. Whenever talking of materials there are traditional ones as clay bricks which now include inside some aid for isolating buildings, so it’s time to take profit from them.
And finally, please do not be fooled. An exterior looking beautiful and natural doesn’t mean the interior or the building itself is efficient or eco-friendly.